Safety Leading Indicators

Safety Leading Indicators

Uncategorized

Developing and Implementing a Safety Lead Indicator Program Organisations are increasingly moving towards an approach to safety that is proactive and predictive. For this to occur, a socio-technical systems approach to safety is often recommended. This involves considering all variables within the work environment and how they interact with one another (e.g., people, procedures, systems, … Read More

Fair and Just Culture Best Practice

Fair and Just Culture Best Practice

Fair and Just Culture

Fair and Just Culture The purpose of a Fair and Just Culture is to ensure that: All employees are treated fairly when things go wrong An atmosphere of trust is built and maintained in which employees are encouraged to provide essential safety related information  The focus remains on identifying and addressing systemic issues and underlying … Read More

The Human Factors of Financial Trading

The Human Factors of Financial Trading

Finance

THE HUMAN FACTORS OF FINANCIAL TRADING The common thread in most studies dealing with financial decision-making deals with mathematical models of financial prediction, methods to “scientifically” absorb risk and make profit. A study by Miller (2001) found the capital asset pricing model (CAPM), and its scientific measure of risk of a stock, beta, to be unrepresentative … Read More

Assessing Operator Workload

Assessing Operator Workload

Transport

In both an applied and theoretical setting, the understanding of the human factors that contribute to differing levels of cognitive workload is imperative to managing most safety critical work (Djorkic, Lorenz &Fricke, 2010; Neal et al., 2013). There are various cognitive mechanisms underlying workload, which Neal et al. (2013) broadly define as the psychological state … Read More

The Pitfalls of Automation

The Pitfalls of Automation

Automation

Humans retain a vital role in most high-risk industries, particularly in their abilities to problem solve and respond to unanticipated events. The demands on these operators have been increasing and are likely to reach a point where current human and technological capabilities will be severely strained. This situation has in the past, and will in the … Read More

Beyond the Human Factor in Formula One

Beyond the Human Factor in Formula One

Motorsports

Human factors and specifically, cognition, our mental abilities and processes, may not reside exclusively within our heads. Sounds a bit strange right? Well, there are scientists who claim, and in some cases have shown, a coupling of mind and external world, where a sort of agent-world circuitry is created. With the growing trend to view … Read More

Formula One Driver Cognition & Performance

Formula One Driver Cognition & Performance

Motorsports

Human factors and decision making on the race circuit has become embodied with technology, creating a form of ‘cognitive circuitry’ between mind and environment. The importance placed upon the environment when considering cognition is a relatively new approach to viewing human thinking and problem solving, and has been referred to as ‘distributed cognition’ or ‘extended mind’. The … Read More

Distributed Cognition Analysis in Military Systems

Distributed Cognition Analysis in Military Systems

Military

Decision making within military systems is set to become more distributed and team-based given the push for a Hardened Networked Army. Defence science, particularly within the human factors field, will need to adapt its research methods to meet this change. The Distributed Cognition (DCog) analysis is a context-sensitive approach to analysing and evaluating real-world cooperative … Read More

Human Performance in Military C2

Human Performance in Military C2

Military

    Existing military command and control (C2) frameworks have been useful in highlighting technology related issues and their direct effects within an organization. They are, however, limited in assessing the full range of impacts resulting from technology insertions and in exploring the links between C2 changes and battlefield effects. Additionally, traditional C2 frameworks have … Read More